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Ebook الأبله #1 by Fyodor Dostoyevsky read! Book Title: الأبله #1
The author of the book: Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Language: English
Date of issue: 2010
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 8.71 MB
Edition: المركز الثقافي العربي

Read full description of the books الأبله #1:

يعتبر دوستويفكسي واحداً من أعظم كتّاب الرواية، فأعماله تتميز بقدرة على السرد تشدّ القارئ، وبتعبيرها القوي عن دزاخل النفس الإنسانية، وقد عبّر عن ذلك في عناوين رواياته التي تصف الإنسان في شتى مواقفه وتصرّفاته: المقامر - المراهق - مذلّون مهانون - الجريمة والعقاب - الأبله...

رواية "الأبله" واحدة من أكثر النماذج تعبيراً عن قدرة دوستويفسكي على النظر في دواخل النفس الإنسانية فهذا "الأبله" هو أمير، من سلالة أمراء معروفة في تاريخ روسيا، لكن شخصيته ومسار حياته لا يشبهان أبداً أولئك الأمراء الذين يأمرون فيُطاعون. بل هو شخص طيّب بسيط، يمكن استدرار عاطفته والتأثير عليه بمجرّد إبداء الرقة أو التعبير عن الحاجة او الحزن أو الأسى... ولذلك يبدو "أبله" في نظر المجتمع.

"لماذا تخلق الطبيعة أفضل الناس لتسخّرَ منهم بعد ذلك؟...
أنا لم أفسد أحداً..لقد أردت أن أحيا لسعادة الناس جميعهم.. لإكتشاف الحقيقة ونشرها..
ماذا كانت النتيجة؟ لا شيء! كانت النتيجة أنكم تحتقرونني، هذا دليل على أنني أحمق".

بهذه العبارات يتحدّث الأمير ميشكين عن نفسه، تلك النفس التي تبدو ضعيفة أما جبروت البشر، بلهاء أمام المكر، بسيطة أمام التفاخر، غيبة أمام الرياء، هشّة امام الظلم. ورائعة وقويّة وقادرة إزاء مشاعر الخير والحبّ والصداقة.

"الأبله" واحد من نماذج دوستويفسكي الإنسانية العظيمة.

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Ebook الأبله #1 read Online! Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky (Russian: Фёдор Михайлович Достоевский), sometimes transliterated Dostoevsky, was a Russian novelist, journalist, and short-story writer whose psychological penetration into the human soul had a profound influence on the 20th century novel.

Dostoyevsky was the second son of a former army doctor. He was educated at home and at a private school. Shortly after the death of his mother in 1837 he was sent to St. Petersburg, where he entered the Army Engineering College. Dostoyevsky's father died in 1839, most likely of apoplexy, but it was rumored that he was murdered by his own serfs. Dostoyevsky graduated as a military engineer, but resigned in 1844 to devote himself to writing. His first novel, Poor Folk appeared in 1846.

That year he joined a group of utopian socialists. He was arrested in 1849 and sentenced to death, commuted to imprisonment in Siberia. Dostoyevsky spent four years in hard labor and four years as a soldier in Semipalatinsk, a city in what it is today Kazakhstan.

Dostoyevsky returned to St. Petersburg in 1854 as a writer with a religious mission and published three works that derive in different ways from his Siberia experiences: The House of the Dead , (1860) a fictional account of prison life, The Insulted and Injured, which reflects the author's refutation of naive Utopianism in the face of evil, and Winter Notes on Summer Impressions, his account of a trip to Western Europe.

In 1857 Dostoyevsky married Maria Isaev, a 29-year old widow. He resigned from the army two years later. Between the years 1861 and 1863 he served as editor of the monthly periodical Time, which was later suppressed because of an article on the Polish uprising.

In 1864-65 his wife and brother died and he was burdened with debts. His situation was made even worse by his gambling addiction. From the turmoil of the 1860s emerged Notes from the Underground, a psychological study of an outsider, which marked a major advancement in Dostoyevsky's artistic development.

In 1867 Dostoyevsky married Anna Snitkin, his 22-year old stenographer. They traveled abroad and returned in 1871. By the time of The Brothers Karamazov (1879-80), Dostoyevsky was recognized in his own country as one of its great writers.

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